Extending Traffic Models to include Ambient Intelligence

Project Description

The project “SOCIONICAL” will advance Complexity Science modelling methods through the exploration of two project scenarios. Both scenarios capture relationships between humans and devices with ‘Ambient Intelligence’ (AmI). The two scenarios are:

  • Emergency Evacuation
  • Future Traffic Systems

The project brings together 14 partners from across the EU. These include groups with,

  • expertise in various complexity science based modelling methods
  • experience in real evacuations and evacuation simulation
  • experience in driving simulation and driving device interaction
  • expertise in translating complex scientific results into practical public policy recommendations


Tasks of the Chair

The chair will work on extending existing analytical traffic models to include AmI interactions. The central tasks are to describe in detail a sub-scenario of a broader ‘AmI in traffic’ description, create a suitable data set and model the scenario effectively. Work will be carried out closely with other partners in order to feed realistic decision data into the model, and our results will then be communicated to other modelling partners.

Work at the chair will consider future traffic optimization systems, where both inside and outside the vehicle, the goal will be to minimize congestion, recover from unexpected events, and facilitate cooperative behaviour. Already, some cars are equipped with a combination of both automatic/adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems and navigational aids with congestion updates via the Radio Data System (RDS-TMC). In addition, it is predicted that systems of the future will advise drivers of the intentions of other drivers and queues of drivers at junction points, in order to enhance considerate behaviour. Based on this information, a system may make a recommendation, but the driver must decide what to do.

This modelling will allow the chair to answer questions including the following:

  • How does traffic flow (capacity) change with enhanced communication (information only, recommendations, individual decisions), for different penetration rates?
  • How does traffic flow change with (AmI facilitated) cooperation, especially when including different resulting behaviours (cooperative, aggressive, selfish etc…)
  • Does traffic flow change under central control that knows everything and controls vehicle movements in a way that is optimal for the system vs. a distributed system?
  • What are the global effects (e.g. congestion waves) resulting from different kinds of local interactions?

Keywords Car to Car Communication, Cooperative Systems, Traffic Management, Complexity Science
Funding EU 7th Framework Programme - more info
Partners University of Passau, Germany (Embedded Systems Lab, Computer Networks Lab, East Asian Studies)
Beacon Tech, Israel
University of Linz, Austria
London School of Economics, UK
ETH Zurich, Switzerland
VU University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
AGH University of Science and Technology Krakow, Poland
University of Würzburg, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology, Germany
SICE S.A., Spain
Rome Fire Fighters, Italy
Smart Care, Italy
University of Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Duration February 2009 till February 2013
Contact Matthew Fullerton, Nihan Celikkaya